South Carolina employers wishing to hire skilled foreign workers must first ensure their foreign applicants possess an employment-based immigration visa issued by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. These employment visas differ according to what kind of work is involved and allow a foreign national to both permanently reside and work in the U.S.
The third preference employment-based immigration visa, or EB-3, pertains to foreign nationals who fall into one of three categories based on their education, experience and skill sets. Certified foreign nationals who have received an official job offer from a U.S. employer must be categorized as either a "skilled worker," "professional" or "other worker" in order to be eligible for an EB-3 visa. Applicants classified as "skilled workers" must be applying for a permanent job that requires at least two years of training, education or experience. Those classified as "professionals" must be applying for a job that requires the equivalent of a U.S. bachelor's degree as well as any relevant professional qualifications. Those applying for permanent jobs involving unskilled labor that do not require more than two years of training, education or experience are classified as "other workers."
In addition to meeting the minimum criteria for their respective work category, applicants for an EB-3 employment immigration visa must possess a valid job offer from an employer and be able to present an approved individual labor certification document from the U.S. Department of Labor. Employers must also verify that they are capable of paying the immigrant worker's wages as specified in the employment agreement.
People seeking an EB-3 employment visa for either themselves or their potential employees may choose to procure the assistance of an attorney in submitting their application. The attorney can ensure that any required documents are completed correctly and may be able to resolve any legal issues that may arise.
Source: US CIS, "Employment-Based Immigration: Third Preference EB-3", January 07, 2015